energy efficiency study for industry, households and services
The demand study by Utrecht University aimed to develop a low energy demand scenario for the period 2009 to 2050 covering the world regions as defined in the IEA’s World Energy Outlook report series. Calculations were made for each decade from 2009 onwards. Energy demand was split up into electricity and fuels and their consumption was considered in industry and for ‘other’ consumers, including households, agriculture and services.
Under the low energy demand scenario, worldwide final energy demand in industry and other sectors is 31% lower in 2050 compared to the Reference scenario, resulting in a final energy demand of 256 EJ (ExaJoules). The energy savings are fairly equally distributed over the two main sectors. The most important energy saving options would be efficient production and combustion processes and improved heat insulation and building design. Chapter 10 provides more details about this study. The demand projections for the Reference scenario have been updated on the basis of the Current Policies scenario from IEA’s World Energy Outlook 2011.