global: future employment in the energy sector
The Energy [R]evolution scenario results in more energy sector jobs globally at every stage of the projection.
- There are 23.3 million energy sector jobs in the Energy [R]evolution scenario in 2015, and 18.7 million in the Reference scenario.
- In 2020, there are 22.6 million jobs in the Energy [R]evolution scenario, and 17.7 million in the Reference scenario.
- In 2030, there are 18.2 million jobs in the Energy [R]evolution scenario and 15.6 million in the Reference scenario.
Figure 5.12a shows the change in job numbers under all scenarios for each technology between 2010 and 2030.
Jobs in the coal sector decline steeply in both the Reference scenario and the Energy [R]evolution scenario, as a result of productivity improvements in the industy, coupled with a move away from coal in the Energy [R]evolution scenario.
The reduction in coal jobs leads to a signficant decline in overall energy jobs in the Reference scenario, with jobs falling by 21% by 2015. Jobs continue to fall in this scenario between 2020 and 2030, mainly driven by losses in the coal sector. At 2030, jobs are 30% (3.1 million) below 2010 levels.
In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, strong growth in the renewable sector leads to an increase of 4% in total energy sector jobs by 2015. Job numbers fall after 2020 because as renewable technologies mature costs fall and they become less labour intensive. Jobs in the Energy [R]evolution are 19% below 2010 levels at 2030. However, this is 2.5 million more jobs than in the Reference scenario.