Energy Blue Print
Employment projections

The Institute for Sustainable Futures at the University of Technology, Sydney modelled the effects of the Reference scenario and Energy [R]evolution Scenario on jobs in the energy sector. This section provides a simplified overview of how the calculations were performed.

employment in renewable energy technologies

This report estimates direct jobs in renewable energy, including construction, manufacturing, operations and maintentance, and fuel supply wherever possible. It includes only direct jobs (such as the job installing a wind turbine), and does not include indirect jobs (for example providing accomodation for construction workers).

The report does not include any estimate of jobs in energy efficiency, although this sector may create significant employment. The Energy [R]evolution scenario includes considerable increase in efficiencies in every sector compared to the Reference scenario, with a 21% decrease in primary energy use overall.

employment in wind energy

In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, wind energy would provide 21% of total electricity generation by 2030, and would employ 1.7 million people. Growth is much more modest in the Reference scenario, with wind energy providing 5% of generation, and employing only 0.2 million people.

employment in biomass

In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, biomass would provide 4.6% of total electricity generation by 2030, and would employ 4.5 million people. Growth is slightly lower in the Reference scenario, with biomass providing 2.6% of generation, and employing 4 million people. Jobs in heating from biomass fuels are included in this total.

employment in geothermal power

In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, geothermal power would provide 3% of total electricity generation by 2030, and would employ 165 thousand people. Growth is much more modest in the Reference scenario, with geothermal power providing less than 1% of generation, and employing only 11 thousand people.

employment in wave and tidal power

In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, wave and tidal power would provide 2% of total electricity generation by 2030, and would employ 105 thousand people. Growth is much more modest in the Reference scenario, with wave and tidal power providing less than 1% of generation, and employing only 5 thousand people.

employment in solar photovoltacis

In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, solar photovoltaics would provide 8% of total electricity generation by 2030, and would employ 1.5 million people. Growth is much more modest in the Reference scenario, with solar photovoltaics providing less than 1% of generation, and employing only 0.1 million people.

employment in solar thermal power

In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, solar thermal power would provide 8.1% of total electricity generation by 2030, and would employ 0.8 million people. Growth is much lower in the Reference scenario, with solar thermal power providing only 0.2% of generation, and employing only 30 thousand people.