primary energy consumption
Taking into account the above assumptions, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.30. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall energy demand will be reduced by 42% in 2050. Around 87% of the remaining demand will be covered by renewable energy sources.
The Energy [R]evolution version phases out coal and oil about 10 to 15 years faster than the previous Energy [R]evolution scenario published in 2010. This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables after 20 rather than 40 years lifetime and a faster introduction of electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 45% in 2030 and 87% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out in just after 2035.