development of CO2 emissions
While Latin America’s emissions of CO2 will almost double under the Reference scenario, under the Energy [R]evolution scenario they will decrease from 972 million tonnes in 2009 to 155 million tonnes in 2050. Annual per capita emissions will drop from 2.1 tonnes to 1.2 tonnes in 2030 and 0.3 tonne in 2050. In spite of the phasing out of nuclear energy and increasing demand, CO2 emissions will decrease in the electricity sector. In the long run efficiency gains and the increased use of renewable electricity in vehicles will even reduce emissions in the transport sector. With a share of 38% of CO2 emissions in 2050, the transport sector will remain the largest source of emissions. By 2050, Latin America’s CO2 emissions are 27% of 1990 levels.