primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.43. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 28% in 2050. Latin America’s primary energy demand will increase from 22,045 PJ/a to about 29,500 PJ/a.
The Energy [R]evolution version phases out coal and oil about 5 to 10 years faster than the previous Energy [R]evolution scenario published in 2010. This is made possible mainly by replacement of fossil-fueled power plants with renewables and a faster introduction of very efficient electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace conventional combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 57% in 2030 and 85% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out before 2030.