primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.56. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 43% in 2050. Around 85% of the remaining demand will be covered by renewable energy sources.
The Energy [R]evolution version phases out coal and oil about 10 to 15 years faster than the previous Energy [R]evolution scenario published in 2010. This is made possible mainly by the replacement of coal power plants with renewables and a faster introduction of very efficient electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 46% in 2030 and 85% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out just after 2030.