Energy Blue Print
Key results - Africa

Moving from principles to action for energy supply that mitigates against climate change requires a long-term perspective. Energy infrastructure takes time to build up; new energy technologies take time to develop. Policy shifts often also need many years to take effect. In most world regions the transformation from fossil to renewable energies will require additional investment and higher supply costs over about twenty years

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development of CO2 emissions

Whilst Africa’s emissions of CO2 will increase by 157% under the Reference scenario, under the Energy [R]evolution scenario they will decrease from 928 million tonnes in 2009 to 381 million tonnes in 2050. Annual per capita emissions will increase from 0.9 tonne to 0.8 tonne in 2030 and decrease afterward to 0.2 tonne in 2050. In the long run efficiency gains and the increased use of renewable electricity in vehicles will also significantly reduce emissions in the transport sector. With a share of 51% of CO2 emissions in 2050, the transport sector will be the largest energy related source of emissions. By 2050, Africa’s CO2 emissions are 70% of 1990 levels.