Energy Blue Print
Key results - Africa

Moving from principles to action for energy supply that mitigates against climate change requires a long-term perspective. Energy infrastructure takes time to build up; new energy technologies take time to develop. Policy shifts often also need many years to take effect. In most world regions the transformation from fossil to renewable energies will require additional investment and higher supply costs over about twenty years

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primary energy consumption

Taking into account the above assumptions, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.69. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 23% in 2050. Around 84% of the remaining demand will be covered by renewable energy sources.

The coal demand in the Energy [R]evolution scenario will peak by 2020 with 3,700 PJ/a compared to 4,560 PJ/a in 2009 and decrease afterwards to 869 PJ/a by 2050. This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables after 20 rather than 40 years lifetime. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 63% in 2030 and 84% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out before 2030.