Renewables currently provide 0.5% of Middle East’s energy demand for heat supply, the main contribution coming from the use of biomass. In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, renewables provide 34% of Middle East’s total heat demand in 2030 and 89% in 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures can lower specific process heat consumption and can therefore limit demand increase in a region with a fast growing population and increasing industrial activities.
- For direct heating, solar collectors, biomass/biogas as well as geothermal energy are increasingly substituting for fossil fuel-fired systems.
- The introduction of strict efficiency measures e.g. via ambitious support programs for renewable heating systems are needed to achieve economies of scale within the next 5 to 10 years.
Table 5.32 shows the development of the different renewable technologies for heating in Middle East over time. Up to 2020 solar energy becomes the main contributor of the growing market share. After 2020, the continuing growth of solar collectors and a growing share of geothermal energy and heat pumps can significantly reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.