Energy Blue Print
Key results - Middle East

Moving from principles to action for energy supply that mitigates against climate change requires a long-term perspective. Energy infrastructure takes time to build up; new energy technologies take time to develop. Policy shifts often also need many years to take effect. In most world regions the transformation from fossil to renewable energies will require additional investment and higher supply costs over about twenty years

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In the transport sector, it is assumed under the Energy [R]evolution scenario compared to the Refence scenario an energy demand reduction of 8,160 PJ/a or 66% can be achieved by 2050. Energy demand will therefore decrease between 2009 and 2050 by 11% to 4,140 PJ/a (including energy for pipeline transport). This reduction can be achieved by the introduction of highly efficient vehicles, by shifting the transport of goods from road to rail and by changes in mobility-related behaviour patterns. Implementing a mix of increased public transport as attractive alternatives to individual cars, the car stock is growing slower and annual person kilometres are lower than in the Reference scenario.

A shift towards smaller cars triggered by economic incentives together with a significant shift in propulsion technology towards electrified power trains and a reduction of vehicle kilometres travelled per year leads to significant energy savings. In 2030, electricity will provide 9% of the transport sector’s total energy demand in the Energy [R]evolution, while in 2050 the share will be 41%.