development of CO2 emissions
While CO2 emissions in Middle East will increase by 104% in the Reference scenario, under the Energy [R]evolution scenario they will decrease from 1,510 million tonnes in 2009 to 173 million tonnes in 2050. Annual per capita emissions will drop from 7.4 tonnes to 4 tonnes in 2030 and 0.5 tonne in 2050. In spite of the phasing out of nuclear energy and increasing demand, CO2 emissions will decrease in the electricity sector. In the long run efficiency gains and the increased use of renewable electricity in vehicles will even reduce emissions in the transport sector. With a share of 13% of CO2 emissions in 2050, the power sector will drop below transport as the largest sources of emissions. By 2050, Middle East’s CO2 emissions are 31% of 1990 levels.