primary energy consumption
Taking into account the above assumptions, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.108. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 45% in 2050. Around 81% of the remaining demand (including non energy consumption) will be covered by renewable energy sources.
The Energy [R]evolution version phases out coal and oil about 10 to 15 years faster than the previous Energy [R]evolution scenario published in 2010. This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables after 20 rather than 40 years lifetime and a faster introduction of electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 48% in 2030 and 81% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out just after 2045.