Today, renewables provide 50% of Non OECD Asia’s heat demand, the main contribution coming from biomass. Dedicated support instruments are required to ensure a dynamic future development. In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, renewables provide 55% of Non OECD Asia’s total heat demand in 2030 and 86% in 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures will restrict the future heat demand in 2030 to an increase of 40% compared to 52% in the Reference scenario, in spite of improving living standards.
- In the industry sector solar collectors, biomass/biogas as well as geothermal energy and hydrogen from renewable sources are increasingly substituted for conventional fossil-fired heating systems.
- A shift from coal and oil to natural gas in the remaining conventional applications leads to a further reduction of CO2 emissions.
Table 5.50 shows the development of the different renewable technologies for heating in Non OECD Asia over time. Up to 2020 biomass will remain the main contributors of the growing market share. After 2020, the continuing growth of solar collectors and a growing share of geothermal heat pumps will reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.