Energy Blue Print
Finland 2012

Moving from principles to action for energy supply that mitigates against climate change requires a long-term perspective. Energy infrastructure takes time to build up; new energy technologies take time to develop. Policy shifts often also need many years to take effect. In most world regions the transformation from fossil to renewable energies will require additional investment and higher supply costs over about twenty years

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5.10 primary energy consumption

Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R] evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.11. Under the Energy [R]evolution scenario, primary energy demand will decrease by 41% from today’s 1,425 PJ/a to 837 PJ/a. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 54% in 2050 under the Energy [R]evolution scenario (REF: 1,824PJ in 2050).

The Energy [R]evolution version aims to phase out coal and oil as fast as technically and economically possible. This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables and a fast introduction of very efficient electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 56% in 2030 and 87% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out just after 2030.