5.5 heating supply
Today, renewables meet 25% of Romania’s primary heat demand, the main contribution coming from the use of biomass. The expansion and extended use of district heating networks are important for the large scale utilisation of geothermal and solar thermal energy. Dedicated support instruments are required to ensure a dynamic development. In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, renewables provide 40% of Romania’s total heat demand in 2030 and 73% in 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures help to reduce the currently growing energy demand for heating by 32% in 2050 (relative to the Reference scenario), in spite of improving living standards.
- In the industry sector solar collectors, geothermal energy (incl. heat pumps), and electricity from renewable sources are increasingly substituting for fossil fuel-fired systems.
- A shift from coal and oil to natural gas in the remaining conventional applications leads to a further reduction of CO2 emissions.
Table 5.2 shows the development of the different renewable technologies for heating in Romania over time. Biomass will remain the main contributor of the growing renewable market share. After 2020, the continuing growth of solar collectors and a growing share of geothermal heat pumps will reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.