5.9 primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.11. Under the Energy [R]evolution scenario, primary energy demand will decrease by 28% from today’s 1,443 PJ/a to 1,036 PJ/a. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 46% in 2050 under the Energy [R]evolution scenario (REF: 1925 PJ in 2050).
The Energy [R]evolution scenario aims to phase out coal and oil as fast as technically and economically possible. This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables and a fast introduction of very efficient electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 40% in 2030 and 70% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out before 2030.