key results of the israel energy [r]evolution scenario
5.1 energy demand by sector
Combining the projections on population development, GDP growth and energy intensity results in future development pathways for Israel’s final energy demand. These are shown in Figure 5.1 for the Reference and the Energy [R]evolution scenario. Under the Reference scenario, total final energy demand increases by 30% from the current 542 PJ/a to 774 PJ/a in 2050. In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, final energy demand decreases by 15% compared to current consumption and it is expected to reach 460 PJ/a by 2050.
Under the Energy [R]Evolution scenario, electricity demand is expected to increase in both the industry and transport sectors, as well as in the residential and service sectors, however, much slower than in the Reference case (see Figure 5.2). Total electricity demand will rise from 45 TWh/a to 88 TWh/a by the year 2050. Compared to the Reference scenario, efficiency measures in the industry, residential and service sectors avoid the generation of about 23 TWh/a. This reduction can be achieved in particular by introducing highly efficient electronic devices using the best available technology in all demand sectors.
Efficiency gains in the heat supply sector are large. Under the Energy [R]evolution scenario, demand for heat supply is expected to decrease almost constantly (see Figure 5.4). Compared to the Reference scenario, consumption equivalent to 70 PJ/a is avoided through efficiency gains by 2050. As a result of energy-related renovation of the existing stock of residential buildings, as well as the introduction of low energy standards and ‘passive houses’ for new buildings, enjoyment of the same comfort and energy services will be accompanied by a much lower future energy demand both for heating and cooling.