5.2 electricity generation
The development of the electricity supply sector is charaterised by a dynamically growing renewable energy market and an increasing share of renewable electricity. This will compensate for the phasing out of nuclear energy and reduce the number of fossil fuel-fired power plants required for grid stabilisation. By 2050, 51% of the electricity produced in Israel will come from renewable energy sources. ‘New’ renewables – mainly wind, solar thermal energy and PV – will contribute 46% of electricity generation. Already by 2020 the share of renewable electricity production will be 20% and 35% by 2030. The installed capacity of renewables will reach 13 GW in 2030 and 22 GW by 2050.
Table 5.1 shows the comparative evolution of the different renewable technologies in Israel over time. Up to 2020, solar energy (PV and concentrating solar power) are the main contributors of the growing market share. After 2020, the continuing growth of PV and CSP will be complemented by electricity from wind and biomass. The Energy [R]evolution scenario will lead to a high share of fluctuating power generation sources (photovoltaic, wind and ocean) of 17% by 2030, therefore the expansion of smart grids, demand side management (DSM) and storage capacity from the increased share of electric vehicles will be used for a better grid integration and power generation management.