1.10 japan: primary energy consumption
Taking into account the above assumptions, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 1.12. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall energy demand will be reduced by 47% in 2050. Around 45% of the remaining demand will be covered by renewable energy sources.
The advanced version phases out coal and oil about 10 to 15 years faster than the basic scenario. This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables after 20 rather than 40 years lifetime and a faster introduction of electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 35% in 2030 and 64% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out in the Advanced Energy [R]evolution scenario in 2012.