5.5 heating supply
Today, renewables meet 21% of Mexico’s energy demand for heat supply, the main contribution coming from the use of biomass and increasing contributions from geothermal and solar thermal energy. Dedicated support instruments are required toensure a dynamic development. In the Energy [R]evolution scenario, renewables provide 52% of Mexico’s total heat demand in 2030 and 89% in 2050.
- Energy efficiency measures help to reduce the currently growing energy demand for heating by 6% in 2050 (relative to the reference scenario), in spite of improving living standards.
- In the industry sector solar collectors, geothermal energy (incl. heat pumps) as well as electricity and hydrogen from renewable sources are increasingly substituting for fossil fuelfired systems.
- A shift from coal and oil to natural gas in the remaining conventional applications leads to a further reduction of CO2 emissions.
Table 5.8 shows the development of the different renewable technologies for heating in Mexico over time. Up to 2020 biomass will remain the main contributors of the growing market share. After 2020, the continuing growth of solar collectors and a growing share of geothermal heat pumps and renewable hydrogen will reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.