5.10 primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.11. Under the Energy [R]evolution scenario, primary energy demand will decrease by 40% from today’s 3,490 PJ/a to 2,100 PJ/a. Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 32% in 2050 under the Energy [R]evolution scenario (REF: 3,110 PJ in 2050).
The Energy [R]evolution scenario aims to phase out coal and oil as fast as technically and economically possible. Coal power plants are phased out by 2020.This is made possible mainly by the present overcapacity to produce power in the Netherlands and the rise of renewable electricity production. Oil combustion engines are replaced fastly in the transport sector by very efficient electric vehicles.This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 24% in 2030 and 54% in 2050. Nuclear energy is phased out at the end of 2013.