A key target in the Netherlands is to introduce incentives for people to drive smaller and more efficient cars. In addition, it is vital to shift transport use to efficient modes like rail, light rail and buses, especially in the urban areas. Together with rising prices for fossil fuels, these changes reduce the growth in car sales projected under the Reference scenario. Compared to the Reference scenario, energy demand from the transport sector will be reduced by 49% in 2050 under the Energy [R]evolution scenario. Energy demand under the Energy [R]evolution scenario will decrease from 483 PJ/a in 2010 to 235 PJ/a.
Highly efficient propulsion technology with hybrid, plug-in hybrid and battery-electric power trains will bring large efficiency gains. By 2030, electricity will provide 9% of the transport sector’s total energy demand in the Energy [R]evolution, while in 2050 the share will be 33%.