5.2 electricity generation
The development of the electricity supply sector is characterised by a dynamically growing renewable energy market and an increasing share of renewable electricity.This will compensate for the phasing out of nuclear energy and reduce the number of fossil fuel-fired power plants required for grid stabilisation. By 2050, 78% of the electricity produced in the Netherlands will come from renewable energy sources. Already by 2020, the share of renewable electricity production will be 44% and 58% by 2030. The installed capacity of renewables, mainly wind and PV, will reach 42 GW in 2030 and 70 GW by 2050.
Table 5.1 shows the comparative evolution of the different renewable technologies in the Netherlands over time. Already by 2020 wind and PV become the main contributors of the growing market share. After 2020, the continuing growth of wind and PV will continue to dominate the renewable technology mix.The Energy [R]evolution scenario will lead to a high share of fluctuating power generation sources (photovoltaic, wind and ocean) of 50% by 2030, therefore the expansion of smart grids, demand side management (DSM) and storage capacity e.g. from the increased share of electric vehicles will be used for a better grid integration and power generation management.