Clean energy to revolutionize the future
In its third edition, Energy [R]evolution report by Greenpeace Brazil proposes a sustainable scenario for the Brazilian energy matrix by 2050
São Paulo, 27th of August 2013 – Within four decades, Brazil will have 66.5% of its energy matrix from renewable sources feeding electrical, industrial and transportation sectors. This is the possible – and necessary – scenario drawn by the Energy [R]evolution report published today by Greenpeace Brazil. Compared to the baseline scenario from the government, which forecasts extensive use of fossil fuels, the share of renewable in the array will be 50% lower.
In its third edition in Brazil, the Energy [R]evolution proposes a clean and sustainable energy matrix for the country by 2050 based on the natural resources available and current technologies of renewable energies. This scenario meets the future needs of energy for the country, reconciling economic growth with environmental and climate challenges.
In addition to better leverage the Brazilian potential in renewable generation, the study demonstrates how measures for rational and efficient use of energy in building, industry and transportation can reduce the dependence on fossil fuels. By the Energy [R] evolution, the final energy demand wil be 25% lower in 2050 compared to the baseline scenario, while maintaining GDP growth between 2.5% and 3.7%.
The report also outlines ways to reduce CO2 emissions in the country. The set of measures proposed by the Energy [R]evolution will contribute to cut up to 60% of Brazil's emissions by 2050 - from 777 million tonnes a year by the baseline scenario to 312 million tons by the proposed scenario.
The energy scenario proposed by Greenpeace discontinues by 2040 nuclear power plants, thermal powered by fuel oil or coal, and does not consider the construction of new dams in the Amazon. It also shows that Brazil can continue growing without exploiting its reserves of unconventional oil and gas, such as shale gas or the pre-salt.
In order to this, the Energy [R]evolution provides a significant increase in the use of renewable energies - will be 396 gigawatts of electricity produced in 2050, mainly through sources such as wind, solar photovoltaic, solar heliothermic, biomass and small hydropower plants.
To achieve such renewable energy matrix it will be required investments of US$ 1 trillion by 2050 – US$ 289 billions more than the government intends to invest in the same period. Despite the higher initial amount, the economic advantages are evident if we consider the high spending on fossil fuels in the baseline scenario. The construction of less thermoelectric and greater share of renewables in the Energy [R]evolution scenario will save US$ 465 billions by 2050.
For the transport sector, the scenario foresees the need for a radical change of the mode - now very focused on the use of road and cars - for transport by rail and public transport. Also the industry will need to adopt stricter standards for energy efficiency, with smaller vehicles and engines that consume less fuel. Renewables will account for 40% of fuel consumption in the transport sector by 2050. The share of electricity will reach 7% in the same year.
“Through an in-depth study, with the participation of external consultants, Greenpeace proves that it is technically and economically feasible to meet the growing energy demand of the country in a clean and sustainable way", said Ricardo Baitelo, campaign coordinator of Climate and Energy at Greenpeace. "In this sense, the Energy [R]evolution is a public provocation to the government because it shows that everything depends on the political will and vision.”
"The imminence of a climate crisis puts challenges without precedents to all nations. There is a strong movement in the whole world for reducing the dependency on fossil fuels by increasing the share of renewable energies”, says Sven Teske, director for renewable energies at Greenpeace International. “Brazil has natural resources more than enough to become a leading country for clean energies. Unlike a few years ago, renewable energies - especially solar photovoltaics and wind power - are now more competitive than coal, but use local resources and create more employment. Using more renewables is now an advantage for the economy, not a burden and reduces the dependence on imported fuels like oil and coal."
Access the Energy [R]evolution report full version (in Portuguese):
Leonardo Medeiros: 11 9 8472 3579