primary energy consumption
Under the Energy [R]evolution scenario, primary energy demand will increase by 22% from today’s 23,227 PJ/a to 28,302 PJ/a (see Figure 5.12). Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 43% in 2050 under the Energy [R]evolution scenario (REF: 49,621 PJ in 2050).
The Energy [R]evolution version aims to phase out coal and oil as fast as technically and economically possible.This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables and a fast introduction of very efficient electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines. This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 41% in 2030 and 78% in 2050. In contrast to the REF scenario, no nuclear power plants will be built in the ASEAN region in the Energy [R]evolution scenario.