primary energy consumption
Taking into account the assumptions discussed above, the resulting primary energy consumption under the Energy [R]evolution scenario is shown in Figure 5.12. Under the Energy [R]evolution scenario, primary energy demand will decrease by 32% from today’s 6,985 PJ/a to 4,722 PJ/a.Compared to the Reference scenario, overall primary energy demand will be reduced by 33% in 2050 under the Energy [R]evolution scenario (Reference scenario: 7,057 PJ in 2050).
The Energy [R]evolution version aims to phase out coal and oil as fast as technically and economically possible.This is made possible mainly by replacement of coal power plants with renewables and a fast introduction of very efficient electric vehicles in the transport sector to replace oil combustion engines.This leads to an overall renewable primary energy share of 43% in 2030 and 80% in 2050. Both in the Reference and the Energy [R]evolution scenarios, no nuclear power plants will be built in Italy.