Energy Blue Print

Moving from principles to action for energy supply that mitigates against climate change requires a long-term perspective. Energy infrastructure takes time to build up; new energy technologies take time to develop. Policy shifts often also need many years to take effect. In most world regions the transformation from fossil to renewable energies will require additional investment and higher supply costs over about twenty years

download the report USA 2014

employment projections


Inputs for energy generation and demand for each scenario include:

  • The amount of electrical and heating capacity that will be installed each year for each technology;
  • The primary energy demand for coal, gas and biomass fuels in the electricity and heating sectors; and
  • The amount of electricity generated per year from nuclear, oil and diesel.

Inputs for each technology include:

  • “Employment factors”, or the number of jobs per unit of capacity, separated into manufacturing, construction, operation and maintenance, and per unit of primary energy for fuel supply;

  • For the 2020 and 2030 calculations, a “decline factor” for each technology that reduces the employment factors by a certain percentage per year to reflect the employment per unit reduction as technology efficiencies improve;

  • The percentage of local manufacturing and domestic fuel production in each region, in order to calculate the number of manufacturing and fuel production jobs in the region; and

  • The percentage of world trade which originates in the region for coal and gas fuels, and for renewable traded components.

    The electrical capacity increase and energy use figures from each scenario are multiplied by the employment factors for each of the technologies, as well as the proportion of fuel or manufacturing occurring locally.