Energy Blue Print
Scenarios for a future energy supply

Moving from principles to action for energy supply that mitigates against climate change requires a long-term perspective. Energy infrastructure takes time to build up; new energy technologies take time to develop. Policy shifts often also need many years to take effect. In most world regions the transformation from fossil to renewable energies will require additional investment and higher supply costs over about twenty years

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USA - Climate Assessment Calls for Greenpeace Energy [R]evolution

In early May 2014 the Obama administration released the National Climate Assessment report. As the report shows, climate impacts are happening now – whether it's constant extreme weather alerts, droughts and wildfires in the West, or hurricane superstorms, or the melting Arctic leading to an extremely snowy winter in the South. But climate denialism continues to grip leaders in the Congress, some of whom do everything in their power to defend climate polluters and fend off the transition away from fossil fuels.

Fortunately, the American Energy [R]evolution is happening whether the Koch brothers like it or not.

In a Senate briefing today, Greenpeace releases the Energy [R]evolution: Sustainable USA Energy Outlook. The E[R] aims to wean the economy off dirty fuels as thoroughly and quickly as possible, and in a way that is technologically, politically, and ecologically realistic. This report is part of a global analysis showing how the international economy can transition to nearly 100% renewable energy by 2050, while assuming no new 'breakthrough technologies'. In some ways this transition is happening even more quickly than we proposed in previous scenarios, as Chapter 4 shows.

The driving goal of the E[R] is stopping global climate disruption, which is caused primarily by burning coal, oil, and methane gas. But the reasons to modernize our energy system are innumerable. By phasing out fossil fuels and phasing in renewable energy we can achieve the following goals:

That over 90% of energy demand comes from burning fossil fuels is a comprehensive economic drain. This antiquated energy system hordes resources for incessant inputs, outputs, and undesirable externalities – extraction, transportation, fuel processing, combustion, pollution abatement, and waste processing or storage. In a post-recession world, it has become obvious that we have neglected upkeep of infrastructure that is required for the economy to function. Bridges need maintenance, urban sewer systems are corroded, entire cities like Detroit have been abandoned by industry.

The E[R] demonstrates that transitioning to a renewable energy economy can free resources for economic development. It means more and better jobs, greater energy independence, and it is more democratic as citizens attain more control of energy production. Compared with the Energy Information Agency energy outlook, the transition to renewables creates more jobs at every stage of the energy transition, with more than 34% more jobs by 2030.

Even today the United States mines a billion tons of coal each year, most of which is burned at home. Coal has monopolized almost half of US rail capacity, not counting eventual transportation of toxic coal ash which is the second largest waste stream in the country. The electricity sector is the largest user of freshwater, with a fossil based system using steam turbines, and coal is the worst culprit.

Water impacts are also a dominant concern of oil and gas extraction. Fracking has come to symbolize the wanton abuse by an industry historically unfettered by federal health standards. Parts of the country like West Texas are stricken by historic drought, and sucked even dryer to get at the fuel probably itself an instigator of a phenomenal lack of rain. Meanwhile, re-injecting their fracking wastes has made neighboring Oklahoma the second most earthquake-prone state.

It is incredibly frustrating to see the rise of extreme fossil fuel extraction, particularly attempts by oil companies to drill in the Arctic. Global warming melting ice may make the Arctic more accessible, but the local climate and remoteness still make it vastly more expensive. And, yet, the fact that industry is having to rely on more extreme and costly ming and drilling a sign their end is coming. The US coal industry is investing in exports for their survival. People from Oregon and Washington aren't so interested in turning their green states into a coal hub. Because we know that coal, oil, and methane gas from anywhere sully the planet everywhere.

American leaders need to view both demand and supply of fossil fuels as a problem. We must abolish all support for dirty energy, whether used domestically or abroad. Legislation like the “End Polluter Welfare Act,” introduced by Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and Congressman Keith Ellison (D-MN) is a good start. Obama banning public financing of coal-fired power plants abroad is another good step. We need much more action by our leaders.

A day will come soon when the Republican party abandons its climate denier platform, and the President realizes her climate legacy rides on complete embrace of a clean energy economy – these two developments will undoubtedly be mutually reinforcing. In the meantime, other policymakers and citizens across the country can keep moving forward with the US Energy (R)evolution.

 

National climate assessment, nca2014.globalchange.gov/highlights

climate denialism, http://www.courier-journal.com/story/tech/science/environment/2014/05/06/national-climate-assessment-southeast-region/8765423/

koch brothers, http://www.latimes.com/opinion/topoftheticket/la-na-tt-koch-brothers-and-solar-power-20140422-story.html

defend climate polluters and fend off the transition, www.huffingtonpost.com/nick-surgey/revealed-alecs-2014-attac_b_5256001.html

fuel processing, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/05/02/koch-brothers-lawsuit-chicago-petcoke_n_5255853.html

coal ash, www.triplepundit.com/2014/05/coal-ash-pollution/

rail capacity, http://www.capitalpress.com/Washington/20140416/consultant-railroads-already-near-capacity

coal is the worst culprit, http://www.rivernetwork.org/sites/default/files/BurningOurRivers_0.pdf

drought, http://www.dallasnews.com/news/state/headlines/20140506-worse-global-warming-effects-ahead-for-texas-federal-report-says.ece

fracking, http://www.ipolitics.ca/2014/05/01/frackings-greatest-risk-is-water-contamination-leaked-report/

earthquake-prone, rt.com/usa/156984-oklahoma-earthquake-geological-fracking/

expensive, http://www.dallasnews.com/business/energy/20140429-exxon-s-900-billion-arctic-drilling-dream-collides-with-reality-of-ukraine-politics.ece

banning public financing, http://greenpeaceblogs.org/2013/07/24/its-the-end-of-an-era-for-american-sponsored-coal-plants/

survival, http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303948104579537904191889732

Oregon, http://www.oregonlive.com/environment/index.ssf/2014/04/oregon_gov_john_kitzhaber_firm.html

end polluter welfare, www.sanders.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/EPW_Act_fact_sheet.pdf